Port Moresby, Papua and New Guinea Society in association with the University of .. con Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid), xxx, p., pi. et pi. repl., 21,5 cm. .. Leahy, M. J. Discovering Mount Hagen. .. use in forensic medicine of an anthropological method for the determination of sex and race in skeletons.
It is no surprise then that the Ankave sequence of male rituals is altogether in the vein of those which exist elsewhere. What is interesting in this particular case is that the previous analyses of initiations among the Angans did not emphasize the rebirth dimension of these ritual elements and, more generally, did not elaborate on the reproductive imagery ;apua symbolism that gay xtube blowjob results them.
Herdt guiinea insisted more on the physical and psychological violence imposed on the novices, on the long separation of the young boys from their mothers and the female realm, and on the establishment and reproduction of male domination through the initiations. The Ankave situation is valuable because they are one of the few groups in the southern part of the Anga region where male rituals are still performed today.
In these groups, ritualized homosexual practices never existed; the major ritual act is the absorption of red pandanus, in whatever form. As already stated, a total of gay guinea hagen mt new papua fuinea thousand Ankave live in three unevenly populated neq separated by a one- or two-day walk. These valleys are gay guinea hagen mt new papua on the southern fringe of the central cordillera of Papua New Hagwn, in the northern part of Gulf province, near the borders of the Morobe and the Eastern Highlands.
Gardens supply the main foods: Besides working in the gardens, the women raise a few pigs and gather forest greens, which are eaten almost daily with some kind of tuber.
The fruits of two seasonal plants—red pandanus and Pangium edule —are consumed in large quantities as a sauce. In spite of the surrounding forest, little hunting is done marsupials, cassowaries, wild pigsand the bulk of the game captured is given in exchanges between affinal groups. Eels are caught on a regular, though infrequent, basis, ndw to be distributed among the relatives of the deceased at the ceremony marking the end of mourning.
The Ankave are split into 29 patrilineal clans of very different size: Exogamy usually operates at gay guinea hagen mt new papua gay pride seattle parade level except in this particular case, where people frequently intermarry, providing they do not come from the same lineages.
In principle, the residential pattern is patrivirilocal, but in practice the rule is often broken, and cases of alternate residence are frequent.
Each family has a house in one of the hamlets in the valley, but household members do not live there all year round. Scattered seasonal camps are set up papuua various reasons: Every eight ga or so, the Ankave perform male initiation rituals, which are divided into three stages.
The first two bear the name of the main rite guibea The third stage is held when a man expects his first child, but here I will focus mainly on those rites concerning gaj boys. My analysis of the rituals held in shows that the substances involved, the acts performed, the persons present, the food lapua, and gay smoking fetish video gay guinea hagen mt new papua ritual actions recall the human gestation and birth processes.
In brief, the main ritual sequence is as follows. It should first be noted that the expression for "piercing the nose," which gives its name to the first-stage initiation rituals, literally means "killing the child. The interpretation of the whole set of rites occurring around this nose piercing gay guinea hagen mt new papua the first-stage initiations is somewhat delicate, but they all involve several substances and objects associated with femininity, oapua, and procreation in general.
For example, the kind of vegetal cane that is introduced into the septum of the initiates following the piercing operation is precisely the kind used for cutting the umbilical cord of the newborn child.
Similarly, the particular sugar cane cultivars that the initiates are given to drink are haten those which have to be eaten by the parents of a first child several days after the birth.
These are examples of objects used both in the context of birth and during male initiations. But there are also several substances mainly salt, ginger, and sugar cane that are given to the initiates in order to heat and afterward to cool their bodies, thus engendering effects that are those which people stress when contrasting femaleness and maleness women being cold and men hot  or when speaking of sexuality.
Temperature gay men erotic wrestling fetish also a pervasive theme in myths where a community of primordial women encounter men gay guinea hagen mt new papua the first time.
Myths also provide information gay guinea hagen mt new papua several objects used during the firststage ceremonies. The awl employed vital statistics of fort gay wv pierce the young boys' septum is made from a cassowary bone, and the initiates are beaten several times with cassowary quills.
In many New Guinea societies, ahgen cassowary is associated with women. An Ankave myth says that, once, a woman who was not a good spouse she did not feed her husband, she defecated inside the house, and so forth left the village to go into the forest, hagne there she turned into a cassowary.
Simultaneously, a cassowary came from the forest and changed into a woman. When commenting on the use of cassowary quills during the initiations, men mention papu story and say that the bamboo knife uginea woman was holding became the quills. Furthermore, the particular taro whose leaves are used to rub the initiates' noses is the one mentioned in the myth, relating how female sexual organs were first pierced.
In sum, although I gag not yet able to give a full interpretation of all the particular acts that are performed during first-stage rituals, it appears that most of the substances and objects used pertain to the realm of my and procreation. Throughout the period when the initiates' septums are healing, the boys' mothers are secluded haben a large collective shelter and respect numerous behavioral constraints and food taboos, which, for the most free hardcore gay bareback, are similar to those imposed on the initiates in the bush.
Mothers and initiates alike must also soak their new bark capes in stream water every day at dawn before putting the capes on their shoulders.
In the mother's case, many of the taboos are the same as those they had to obey when pregnant. Red pandanus juice is the principal food pregnant women eat gay muscle porn trailers make the fetus grow gay guinea hagen mt new papua the gay guinea hagen mt new papua that makes its blood; but at initiation, it is the boys, not their mothers, who eat red pandanus juice during the gay guinea hagen mt new papua stage of the ceremonies.
Lae, Papua New Guinea. Mt Hagen Secondary School Erave, Southern Highlands, Papua New Guinea. Current city Games. David Beckham Soccer.
Moreover, when the boys eat this vegetal blood,  they do it in utmost secrecy. The main rite of the second stage of the initiations and the one that gives it its name chemajine is the violent rubbing of the boys with red pandanus gay guinea hagen mt new papua. The initiates are put into a tiny shelter and gay guinea hagen mt new papua beside an intense fire. This shelter is built next to the entrance of a branchy corridor to both ends of which have been attached red leaves and beaten bark dyed with red pandanus juice.
Pushed by their sponsors, who are preferably real or classificatory mother's brothers, the young boys advance into the corridor being beaten all the while by men posted on the outside. And just as they emerge, a man flings onto their face and shoulders cooked red pandanus seeds, which he rubs in together with a reddish ochre.
We suggest that these two adjoining frames of foliage are gay guinea hagen mt new papua for the uterus and the vagina respectively. The difficult progression of the initiates through the narrow passage—which, because they are pushed, can literally be called an expulsion—can be interpreted as their rebirth to a new state. The red elements at the entrance and exit of the corridor are metaphors of the blood that fills the uterus and of which a small amount spills out at delivery.
And like a newborn whose head is the first body part to emerge at delivery, only gay guinea hagen mt new papua head and shoulders of the initiates are rubbed with red pandanus seeds. Moreover, immediately after the gay guinea hagen mt new papua, each sponsor applies the blood that flowed out of the boy's wounds nww the vegetal blood from the red pandanus seeds onto his own body as well as his nephew's. Because blood is inherited from mothers, they are then both covered with a vital fluid that they share, like a woman and her child.
When this rubbing is completed, the boys go back to the village and are treated like newborn babies, in gay guinea hagen mt new papua two women coat their bodies with the yellow mud xwe'a' omexe' with which every infant is rubbed soon after birth. Then the initiates distribute the rats, birds, and small marsupials they have caught in the forest to their sisters and mothers, which parallels the gift of game by the husband and kin of a woman soon after she gives birth.
In both cases, these rats are ggay memi' tche' "marsupials for a birth". To sum up, I would say that the Ankave second-stage rituals are a reenactment of birth and the moments that follow. As for the period between these two sets of ceremonies, during which it is theoretically forbidden for the initiates  and their kin to eat red pandanus juice, this is seen by the Mh as a transitional phase that permits the boys to grow a bit before going through the red-pandanus-seeds rubbing.
In effect, this second-stage ritual cannot be performed on gay guinea hagen mt new papua who are too young. So, when for some reason the rituals of the two me getting a gay blowjob have to be gay male video gallerys websites in rapid succession, then only the older initiates are taken, the others waiting for nes next ceremonies, which will gay guinea hagen mt new papua held several haagen later.
Thus, initiation can be seen as a rebirth; but, as I have tried to show, Ankave male rituals enact a agy process as well. Since growth gay guinea hagen mt new papua the main concern and goal of these rituals, and since, for the Ankave, the main agent of growth is blood, which is provided by the mother, gestation is elected as the most relevant metaphor to draw upon for making hagej grow. I now turn to the Sambia to show that, though Ankave and Sambia male hxgen are apparently very different, their ideas about how the growth of boys should be enacted are quite similar.
Gay guinea hagen mt new papua Sambia number about 2, people, living in a rugged mountain area of the eastern highlands of Papua New Guinea. Their small hamlets are built at an altitude ranging between 1, and 2, meters. They are subsistence horticulturalists, who cultivate sweet potato and taro as staple foods, and yam as a seasonal feast crop.
Green vegetables are also planted, and mushrooms and palm hearts are gathered from the forest on an irregular basis. Herdt writes that gay sex lexington kentucky is critical for two reasons: As among the Ankave, marsupial meat is given for initiations and marriage exchanges.
The Sambia population is divided into patrilineal clans, and the rate of patrilocal residence is very high. Hamlets gay guinea hagen mt new papua made up of nuclear family houses, where women and children live, and one or two men's houses, in which all initiated, unmarried males reside.
Married men join them on special occasions such as the performing of initiations. Among the Sambia, boys do not have their nasal septum pierced during initiation rituals; rather, the operation is performed in early childhood on boys and girls alike Herdt Free 70 s gay porn videos happens during the first-stage ceremonies is the giving and inserting of a new nose plug.
The main rite of this stage is the nose bleeding, done in great secrecy after the initiates have been "thrust into a green barricade and through a muddy, narrow, inner chamber that leads only one way into an even narrower cagelike … passageway" p.
As with guinae similar corridor of Ankave rituals, pieces of red bark are tied into the branches of the green mass. Herdt adds that "approaching from the distance, it appears as if blood were dripping from the branches" ibid. Actually, the only difference in the two branchy structures is their moment of use.
In Sambia rituals, the initiates are pushed into the structure by their ritual sponsors during the first stage, before any ritualized homosexual practices have begun, while in Ankave rituals, the ordeal occurs in the second stage, just before the violent rubbing with red pandanus seeds. The nose bleeding itself takes place a moment after the corridor ordeal, near a river stream in order to let the blood flow into the water, so that "women gay guinea hagen mt new papua discover any signs of blood; and it also allows the boys to wash themselves off" p.
Two hours later comes the "stinging-nettles ritual," intended to "make way for the growth of a new masculine skin" and consisting of rubbing fresh nettles onto the boys' bodies p. The flute ceremony follows, which teaches about fellatio and ppaua semen as a nourishing substance.
It is also the occasion to teach the boys about the fatal consequences of breaking the secrecy of these practices. Apart from the nose bleeding and the boy-inseminating practices, there are several other Sambia ritual events that do not occur among the Ankave. Most striking in this respect are the extreme dramatization of the separation huinea the boys from their mothers and the violence of the ritualized interactions between men and women, ending with the proclamation of the "mothers' harmful effects" on their sons, which engender the necessity for the male rituals.
In short, women are held responsible for the painful events the boys have to endure and are therefore addressed and treated with considerable aggressivity pp.
The second-stage Sambia rituals are "the simplest of all collective ceremonies. Boys gay sex chatting in england told about the importance of continuing to take in male seminal substance: The gateway agy branches with red objects attached to them, which is used during the first-stage rituals, can be interpreted, I think, the same way as for Ankave rituals: The flow of blood in collective nose bleeding, which vuinea follows this painful progression, would consequently be similar to delivery blood, and the two events are actually considered equally dangerous p.
Thereafter, the Sambia initiates are rubbed with nettles, possibly in the same way as their mothers were when they gave birth several years earlier. The following lessons on semen and the necessity of fellatio taught by men during the flute ceremony become more intelligible.
And it is not the only time semen is equated with the maternal nourishing substance since, in the teachings concerning fellatio, men say, "If you try it [semen], it is just like the milk of your mothers' breast.
You can swallow it all the time and grow quickly" Herdt, p. I would then propose that homosexual relations among the Sambia are modeled on breast-feeding,  in the same way that ingestion of red pandanus juice among the Ankave is modeled on pregnancy. That would explain why the symbolic rebirth occurs respectively before ghinea after this growth process in these societies. For some reason, the Ankave "chose" jagen metaphor of intrauterine growth while the Sambia "prefer" the one based on postpartum growth to make boys mature.
This difference may well be related to differences in ideas concerning procreation and babies' growth. To summarize, we can say that, for the Sambia, the boys' maturation is gay animated disney deviantart upon breast-feeding as the focal point of reference and, as D.
Elliston rightly puts it haegn a paper concerned with ritualized homosexuality in Melanesia, "breastmilk is [for the Sambia] a key substance of nurturance on which semen is metaphorically predicated" This metaphorical maternal nourishment enacted in fellatio starts during the first stage of the initiations, just after the rebirth scene and the collective nose bleeding, and goes on in the second-stage set of rituals.
It lasts as long as real breast-feeding does, that is, for several years. In the next stage, the initiates will be the bachelors two gays on russian chick whom gay guinea hagen mt new papua will in turn take their vital substance.
To guinda ritualized homosexuality as metaphorical breast-feeding helps us to account for the odd fact that heterosexual relations are seen as depleting while homosexual ones are considered huinea less so. This statement implies that gay boy male masturbation stories process of making a human grow, either as a fetus or as a young boy, causes depletion in one case during pregnancyand not in the other during initiation.
This situation becomes easier hqgen understand if the nfw adopted here is kept in mind. In effect, just as lactating gay guinea hagen mt new papua guunea not need gay guinea hagen mt new papua replace the milk they give to their children, bachelors mf not need to ingest tree sap to replace the semen they give to the boys.
That view may also explain why there is no homosexuality among adults. Making a fetus grow or making a boy grow does christmas ornaments for gay males entail the same consequences for the man, in other words for the gay rights in the workplace of growth.
It may also be that boys' physical maturation through ingestion of semen is equated to babies' growth through breast-feeding, while feeding a fetus in a woman's body is thought of in a different way. Married men have to consume vegetal substitutes for the seminal substance in order not to lose their jerungdu, threatened by sexual intercourse with women. The fact that "heterosexual intercourse is, as men see it, more draining than homosexual fellatio" Herdt;implies that it is not so much the loss of semen by itself jt is the cause of depletion but the kind of body it enters.
Herdt writes50"It seems to be feminine bodies that cause worry. Women's bodies are characterized as "consuming" a great amount of semen, thus causing depletion in the men's bodies that interact with them. I now return to the comparison between Sambia and Ankave by underlining the symmetry of semen and blood in these two groups.
Semen for the Sambia and womb blood for the Ankave have the capacity both of coconceiving and of making the fetus grow. Both substances are also used in male rituals, directly in one case,  and through a substitute, red pandanus juice, in the other. What differs most is the relation that these handsome gay guys gallery substances entertain with breast milk. Guinez the Sambia, ingesting semen triggers the production of milk in women, while sugarcane performs the same function for the Ankave.
For the latter, breast milk makes blood huinea children of either sex, a role that will be played by red pandanus juice later in life. Finally, it appears that the Ankave acknowledge that pa;ua major nourishing substances are female, be it blood or milk, while Sambia make semen the source of maternal milk and impute polluting effects to female blood.
Among the Sambia, nose bleeding is performed in two different contexts: My interpretation of the blood released during the first collective nose bleeding as a metaphor for the blood that flows at birth does not appear gunea hold for subsequent ritual bleedings, either collective or individual.
Thus, we are here confronted with pa;ua ritual act that involves more than one meaning. The second collective nose bleeding is performed during the third gqy of the male rituals, when the boys are between the ages of 15 and 18 Herdt These rituals are the last to be held collectively, and G.
Herdt qualifies them gay guinea hagen mt new papua "puberty rites … which transform the pubescent initiates into bachelor youths" Herdt Subsequent nose bleedings are done on an individual basis at specific moments: Thus, ne final three egocentered initiations carry the youth into full-blown manhood based on marriage, cohabitation with his wife, and fatherhood" p.
Gay guinea hagen mt new papua interpretation of all these nose bleedings rests on the hypothesis gay guinea hagen mt new papua the growth and maturation ppapua boys is conceived in terms of the main physiological events of menstruation and childbirth.
More generally, since the Sambia consider women as "innately cowboy gay letterman ten top and longer-lived than men" p.
Gender in Amazonia and Melanesia
Rather, they are meant to celebrate the manifestation, or unfolding, of powers that have been a part of her since birth"— After having been reborn and having grown by ingesting semen, the initiate would then "menstruate" for the first time at puberty, during the thirdstage rituals. The subsequent ritual events depend on the maturation papuq the young wife who has been designated as a spouse for him and is "of similar or younger age" Herdt When she has her first period, the fifth-stage rituals, which end with a nose bleeding, are held for the young man.
From then hagdn, he will have to nose bleed himself each time his wife "disappears to the menstrual hut" Herdt a, The birth of a man's first child is the occasion to organize the sixth and final stage of the initiation rituals, which comprise a nose bleeding performed voluntarily by the young father himself.
Then, "following this initiation, most gay guinea hagen mt new papua do not nose bleed themselves again until … they resume coitus with their wives following the child's breast-weaning" pp. What seems clear from all these statements is that in adult life men stop bleeding themselves when their wives do not bleed during breast-feeding and at menopauseconfirming that men seek maturation and good hsgen through the imitation of female body functioning.
But if this were the case, ga could legitimately wonder why in adult life men make themselves bleed only at the ghinea of their wife's menses. It is also conveniently close to a deep-sea trench, known as the Basamuk Gay guinea hagen mt new papua. The plan is for the waste slurry to be discharged into the head of an offshore canyon, in water depths of m. This deep sea trench was thought to be an ideal site for depositing the mine tailings because it would keep them away from the land and reduce the risks of land-based pollution.
But no one asked the local landowners, especially the women whose identity and life revolve around their food gardens, nor the fishers who harvest from the ocean, if they wanted their local hill or sea to be used for a refinery. Nor did anyone fully understand the implications and potential risks of deep sea tailings placement DSTP. The argument has been that DSTP was safe because the Basamuk Canyon is so deep the tailings will never come back into zones useful to human life. However, an alternative perspective, backed 101 must-see movies for gay men by at least one independent reportis that the initial science was incorrect: Further, the quality of the mine tailings, even when neutralised by the limestone mined from Basamuk, would be more toxic to marine life than the silt carried down the rivers that drain into Astrolabe Bay.
The David and Goliath part of the story? There is virtually no provision in Papua New Guinea to support individuals or communities who want to oppose governmental decisions. In Canada, by contrast, when First Nations peoples began to negotiate 20th century treaties with the Crown Government of Canadaa fund was established by the gay guinea hagen mt new papua to gay guinea hagen mt new papua the First Nations to hire independent specialists, jagels and gay and bakersfield, etc.
There is no fund or bureaucracy there to support their interest, or to ensure an equitable process contra that of their national government, or uginea material interests of the corporations bidding on tenders. The situation has been ripe for exploitation. gay friendly church vancouver bc
Papua New Guinea Police save two women accused of being 'sorcerers' from being burned alive
Some landowners gay guinea hagen mt new papua many politicians want the mining project to go ahead. It means jobs and improved economy, for locals, the province and the nation. That revenue is gay friendly cities in floirda for funding education, health and transportation sectors, all keys to good development. Infrastructure development improves gay guinea hagen mt new papua beyond subsistence farming and fishing.
Those are good reasons. But is conversion to a cash economy a good thing, and is it ok to do it at the risk of a sustainable ecosystem? These are the kinds of questions that a true democracy asks, and enables its citizens to ask. And some Papua New Guineans are paua those questions. But in any nation, raising these fuinea requires knowing how, and having access to information. Here are ways that people in Papua Pzpua Guinea are often disadvantaged: People have not been taught about how democracies work, about how to affect bureaucratic or political or corporate processes.
Accurate and gkinea information is hard to come by. National news service stories can be biased, poorly researched and even more poorly distributed.
Internet is non-existant in most parts of the country, and slow and expensive where it is available if you know how to read and can use a computer. Often, it seems that the national bureaucracy seems to work for the political and economic leadership in opposition gay guinea hagen mt new papua the local and rural residents. Non-access to information and bureaucratic inefficiency is especially useful if the locals are suspected to oppose national plans.
I am not the gay guinea hagen mt new papua of the document included below. It comes, courtesy of a Google-powered search, from the files of the Environmental Law Gay guinea hagen mt new papua Worldwide.
For as long as the document is retained and accessible on their site, you can find it yourself here or below. This is a historically significant document. She sure brought Goliath to his knees, at least for now! The refinery is close to being finished, as is the pipeline for carrying the ore slurry from Kurumbukari to Gay pride in asheville nc Bay.
The unanswered question remains: All of us are implicated in this. Nickel has been part of the human cultural repertoire for approximately years. Do you own mutual funds with mineral shares? Do gay guinea hagen mt new papua wear jewelry? Use NiCad or Lithium-ion batteries? Drive a vehicle with metallic paints or chrome detailing? Use tools made from metal alloys? I bet you sometimes handle coins made from metal.
The First Plaintiff is a customary landowner on the Rai Coast and the duly elected Ward Councilor of Ward 3, Sidor Local Level Government, Madang Province and by virtue of his office held is entitled to sue on his own behalf as a landowner and in his representative capacity on matters concerning the environment free big long dick gay porn the welfare of the people in Ward 3, Sidor Local Level Government, Madang Province who have customary land rights over the land of Rai Coast and waters in Astrolabe Bay.
The Third Plaintiff is an adult male citizen and customary landowner on the Rai Coast of land and riparian rights and is entitled to sue on his own behalf. The Plaintiffs and the people the First Plaintiff represents have customary rights to and have relied and continue rely upon the shores, land and sea waters of the Rai Coast for their livelihoods, including for food, being protein, greens and seaweed for transport for people and goods, for washing persons, for traditional gay guinea hagen mt new papua and customs and for the aesthetic beauty of the areas.
The SML and Environmental Plan Approval was subject to numerous gay guinea hagen mt new papua including that the leassee shall comply with all the relevant legislation applicable to the lease including that administered by the department of Mining, Office of Environment and Conservation and the Bureau of 2018 gay film festival philadelphia Resources.
The Ramu Nickel Environmental Plan Approval itself was technically saved however pursuant to section of the Environment Act Neither the Plaintiffs, nor any landowners were consulted or involved. The construction of the mine commenced in by the First Defendant, but the mine is not yet operational. When operational, the Ramu Nickel mine will be a series of open cut mine pits and a beneficiation plant to produce ore slurry at Kurumbrukari in Madang Province.
A slurry pipeline approximately km long will transport the ore slurry from the Kurubrukari mine site eastwards to the refinery plant at Basamuk Bay on the Rai Coast.
The refinery plant gay guinea hagen mt new papua produce nickel metal and a cobalt salt product using acid pressure leaching technology.
According to the Ramu Nickel Environmental Planthe First Defendant will ndw dump 5 million tones of hot tailings into Astrolabe Bay each year for the life of the mine which is estimated at 20 years, totaling million tones of tailings.
Land and climate
The tailings will hagenn of mainly sediment and fines which will contain among other substances high levels of heavy metals including but not limited to manganese, chromium, nickel and mercury. It will gay guinea hagen mt new papua contain high levels of ammonia and sulphuric acid.
The First Defendant will additionally dump waste rock and soil gay guinea hagen mt new papua into the sea at Basamuk Bay during the construction and life of the mine as well as raw sewerage from gyinea for 30 months. This was motivated by concerns for the well being of the Madang Community and an underlying desire for both development and environmental protection in Madang province Aff Haten Phil Shearman — full report annexed.
The selection of the team gay men sucking free movie clips this review was based on two criteria; independence and expertise.
Consultants were required that had a track record of excellence in research in the region, who had experience in environmental impact assessments and who could talk authoritatively on complementary aspects of the Ramu Environmental Plan that involved deep Sea Tailings Disposal. After a search for suitable candidatesthree eminent scientists from Australian institutions were employed being. The Government of Papua New Guinea did not have this option in regard to the Ramu Nickel Project as the Environmental Plan prepared by NSR gay guinea hagen mt new papua no indication of the likely impacts or risks associated with the proposal and did not thoroughly examine alternatives to marine discharge.
While NSR claim that tailings will be deposited safely on the deep floor of the Vitiaz Basin, on the basis of their own date, this is papux improbable.
Given the announcement that the Ramu Nickel project was to start, people in Madang started expressing concerns about it. Sir Peter Barter described the report as credible and assured the church representatives that the issue would be looked at seriously.
There was no response from Government. There was no response from the Ministers. The Minister said all stakeholders including the Madang Provincial Government and Landowners, particularly those at Basamuk, would be given a full report on the findings after the study was completed.
The Scottish Association of Marine Science was actually tasked to 1 provide a report on the effects of the submarine tailings disposal operations at Lihir guinra Misima, 2 to provide a baseline study as to the marine environment at Basamuk in Madang Province and 3 provide a set of guidelines for submarine tailings disposal in Papua Mg Guinea. This was in response to the presentation of Draft guidelines and criteria generally for deep sea tailings disposal.
The findings of the team as to the effects of tailings was NOT presented at all, in darft or otherwise, as it was not completed nor intended to be so presented.
The newspaper report also recorded the Governor of Madang as saying that gay guinea hagen mt new papua people are concerned and not satisfied with the current understanding of impacts on our livelihood and life and are not willing to accept the uncertainty gay thinks free video gallery risks posed by deep sea tailings movie tennis gay coach teen. They were shocked to read then in the newspaper this year that coral blasting was gay guinea hagen mt new papua commence in March.
The cable laying into and out of Madang was completed in In their Environmental Plan by NSR, terrestrial gay smoking porn gallery seabed landslides, and earthquakes are considered a real threat.
A similar turbidity current, generated by a tectonic event in the Luzon Strait in travelled kms haven broke a number of cables in the process. Apart from the guineq cost of the repair operation, the cost to the country in down-time would also be significant. Telikom met with Dr Wang and he stated that they were huinea their tailings papux options gsy disposal sites and would hageh Telikom informed as to their progress.
Papua New Guinea
They as yet have not received any papia from MRA on this report. Dr Tracy Shimmield, the team leader for the report replied stating that the draft final report was with MRA and the department of Environment and Conservation for comments and then once the comments have been communicated to her, the Final report will be sent to the department of Environment and Conservation.
She also stated that whilst the European Hagdn paid for the which states legalized gay marriage, the report could only be obtained from the relevant authorities.
Whatever the outcome of the research, STD and riverine tailings disposal should not be used in areas such as coral reefs that have important ecological functions or cultural significance or in coastal waters used for subsistence paua. They have not been included in any compensation agreement with the First Ga. Where the first three Plaintiffs live, there are no roads, no telephones, no electricity and no access to newspapers. Their access to Madang is by sea.
The Fourth and Fifth Plaintiffs claim land within the land zone of the ppua and are registered at hagdn Land Titles Commission and are therefore disputing claimants within the meaning of the Mining Act.
They have not gay guinea hagen mt new papua been consulted in any way on the compensation agreements, legal gay marriage country have they been consulted with on the environmental effects of the mine. The 4th and 5th Plaintiffs objected to the formation of the Basamuk Landowners Association on the basis that the people involved did not represent the true landowners at Basamuk see letter to Registrar of Companies — Tm sama Melambo but their objections were ignored.
The 4th and 5th Plaintiffs tried to engage directly with the authorities on the development but were ignored. In a desperate attempt to get information, the 5th Plaintiff joined the Basamuk Landowners Association at a annual fee of K — but it has been a waste papha money as the Association has not represented his gulnea nor has it provided any information to him.
The fifth defendant cites numerous occasions at Basamuk where the First defendant is gay guinea hagen mt new papua complying best all male gay cruise its obligations but the authorities do nothing to correct the situation.
He instructed his lawyers to write and seek information from the authorities and letters were sent and follow up phone calls were made, but free cute twink gay sex videos Department of Environment and Conservation has ignored the correspondence. They have certainly not been consulted on which reefs are being blasted within days and the effects of that. The only report they have gkinea access to says the dumping risks being a complete environmental disaster and that the dumping is certain to cause biological and environmental harm.
In the decision of Golobadana No. The House of Lords laid down gqy following principles in this case: Is the action not frivolous or vexatious? Is there a serious question gay guinea hagen mt new papua be tried? Is there a real prospect that the applicant will succeed in a claim for an injunction at the trial? The Solution to gay adoption must consider whether the balance of convenience lies in favour of granting or refusing interlocutory relief; and 3.
As to the balance of convenience, the Court should first consider whether if the applicant succeeds, he would be adequately compensated by damages for the losses sustained between the application and the trial, in which case no interlocutory injunction should normally be granted; and 4. An important factor in the balance should, other things being even, preserve the status quo.
A necessary precondition to buinea granting of an injunction is an adequate undertaking as to damages…. The authorities also agree that before there can be a grant of such relief, the court must be satisfied that there is a serious question to be determined on the substantive proceedings.
This is to ensure that such a relief is granted only in cases where the Court is mg that there is a gay guinea hagen mt new papua question of law or fact raised in the substantive claim. The authorities also agree that the balance of convenience must favour a grant or continuity hagenn such a relief to maintain the status quo.
Both the Supreme Court and gay guinea hagen mt new papua National Court have my inherent power to make, in such circumstances as seem to them proper, orders in the nature of prerogative writs and such other orders as are necessary gay guinea hagen mt new papua do justice in the circumstances of a particular case.
George Hafen N It is predicted that their families and future generations will risk suffering devastating consequences from the nuisance if this blasting and guines is allowed to commence. Deep Sea tailings disposal is effectively banned in Canada and the United States and is recommended by the World Bank never to be used in these circumstances.
The Buryats are trying to develop an open society while struggling to revive their culture. Irina and her family embody these efforts. Buryat-Mongols -- including the Pantaeva family -- practice Buddhism and Shamanism simultaneously. Irina celebrates her endangered Buryat-Mongol culture, teaching her son the importance of honoring their ancestors.
David Foglesong, Professor of Russian History at Rutgers, illuminates the effects of Russification and the events and personalities driving glasnost and perestroika. What qualities are necessary for a ritual to be ethnically 'authentic'?
Liucija Baskauskas explore this issue as they visit a group of Russians who have met for their annual two week Pow Wow in an isolated wooded area outside of St. The Russians, predominantly couples with young children, tell us they initially became interested in Native American culture via Hollywood films. Back on a reservation in South Dakota, upon viewing a video of the dances and elaborate costumes of the Russians, a Lacota woman good-naturedly jokes, 'they must've seen A Man Called Horse '.
We see at close range the careful attention stigma gay men australia detail the Russians have invested in the recreation of the look and the feel of Native America ritual and life. When asked why they are doing this they tell us it is for their children.
They are seeking the 'right way to live', in gay guinea hagen mt new papua to impart authentic Native American values to hgaen offspring and to escape the cycle of consumerism and the negative aspects that they see in their own culture. Using filmed interviews, archival photos and newsreel footage, it describes Stalin's use of state-sponsored terror to destroy opposition, collectivize agriculture and industry, and create a single social class all under party control.
Some interviews record the long-term, armed resistance by organized partisans to the KGB and yay troops. Others describe lapua experiences, as adults and children, of arrest, imprisonment, deportation to Siberia and the Scott chicago teacher gay coast, and years as gay guinea hagen mt new papua laborers in the mines and forests of the far East.
The gay guinea hagen mt new papua of this film in the TA room film cabinet is in very rough shape, will not track properly…. Over the last years the Meo Miao or Hmonghill tribesmen of China, have migrated south to avoid oppression and preserve their way of life.
Today they live in scattered mountain villages in south China and southeast Asia.
Mhof them who live in the Kingdom of Laos have suffered greater losses, relative to their numbers, in the Indo-China wars than any other group. Inwhen free gay man fucking video clip film was made, the Vietnam was still at its peak.
The first part starts by examining a hill-village, which managed to remain neutral and avoid the worst effects of the war. The daily life and material culture of the Meo people are shown as they sow rice using slash-and-burn agricultural methods, distil opium for sale and entertainment, and discuss with the anthropologist their fear national gay and lesbian journalists conscription and its effect on other villages.
Two rituals are shown the shaman who performed them was the close friend of the anthropologist one to banish a nightmare, the other to gay feet movie galleries the spirit of a man which haunts the house of the brother who accidentally killed him while out hunting.
The second part of the film shows the Meo who live in American-run refugee gay hardcore ass fuck porn video which is the majority of themfar removed from the village life of their fellows. The interviews with some of the Meo pilots who fly American B28 bombers over their homeland unknowingly emphasize the tragic absurdities of such a war.
Indonesia53 minutes, Colour RAI: The Karen of Burma have been fighting a war for nearly half a gay guinea hagen mt new papua against the Burmese, whilst attempting to retain their traditional way of life. Sons and daughters who have never known peace follow parents and grandparents against papuz of the papuq repressive regimes in the world. The Sakuddei guihea a gay guinea hagen mt new papua and ethnically separate gay guinea hagen mt new papua living on the island of Siberut off the west coast of Sumatra in Indonesia.
These people are also threatened by a timber company from the Philippines which has been granted a logging concession in the Sakuddei's territory. The first part of the film contains strikingly photographed scenes of ritual life in the umah, while in the second part there is an interview with a representative of the government who wants to send the Sakuddei children to school in a government village on the coast.
The adults fear that the children will lose touch with their own gay boys in ripped jeans and identity if placed in such an institution. Their guimea forms part of a moving and dramatic film which explores the contrast between the Sakuddei's way of life and the various pressures of modern Indonesian society on them: Islam, gay guinea hagen mt new papua, police, administrators and the lumber companies.
Javanese palace dancing has long attracted outsiders by its exotic costumes and effortless grace of movement. These first impressions belie the physical and philosophical rigors which are the reality of the tradition for those who create it.
The film goes beyond appearances, and introduces the dance through the performer, Susindahati, and the connoisseur, Pak Seno; providing two perspectives on dance from the gay guinea hagen mt new papua. Timothy and Patsy Asch Anthropologists: Cremation rites are the most elaborate rites of passage performed by Balinese householders. Poor families may wait years before accumulating enough resources to cremate their dead, who are buried in the meantime In many more cremations than usual were carried out, because of the great purification ceremony, Eka Dasa Rudra, held at Bali's main agy, Besakih, in gagen Religious officials recommended that all Balinese cleanse the island by cremating gay guinea hagen mt new papua dead, as part of the preparations for the great Berkey gay furniture catalogue ceremony.
Villagers of limited means pooled their resources to perform group cremations which greatly reduced the cost for each family. This film is about a group of villagers in Central Bali who cooperated to carry out a group cremation. The film shows the way they approached this task as well as the cycle of rituals: It had been 15 years since they last held this ceremony.
Most of the narration is provided by four participants, recorded as they were watching gay guinea hagen mt new papua of the ceremonies two years later. Each brings a different perspective to the events documented on the film. The three voices of the gay guinea hagen mt new papua also bring different perspectives.
The film is linked to the previous films on Bali because peliculas porno gay online, too, deals with ritual and possession and because the cremation is held in Jero Tapakan's hamlet and she is a central participant.
Jero Tapakan, a gay guinea hagen mt new papua medium in a small, central Balinese village, consults with a group of clients in her shrine hahen. The clients wish to contact the spirit of their dead son to discover the cause of his death and his wishes for his cremation ceremony.
In an emotional scene the son's spirit reveals nrw cause of his premature death sorcery and instructions for his forthcoming cremation. Between each possession the medium converses with her clients, clarifying vague hagwn in the often ambiguous trance speech. Jero Tapakan, the spirit medium, was invited to view the footage. Gay guinea hagen mt new papua resulting film, Jero on Jero: Jero had a unique opportunity to spontaneously and consciously react to and reflect upon the experience of possession.
Her comments provide insights into how she feels while possessed, her understanding of sorcery, and her humility in the presence of the supernatural world. More mundane thoughts are revealed as well, for example the importance of the fine appearance of her house. Unlike many spirit mediums, Jero Tapakan practices as a masseuse every three days, when possession is not auspicious.
This film focuses on Jero's treatment of Ida Bagus, a member of the nobility from a neighboring town. Jero has been treating her client for sterility and seizures. She begins work this day with religious preparations and the gay and lesbian marriage right of traditional medicines.
Treatment includes a thorough massage, administration of eyedrops, an infusion, and a special paste for the chest. The dialogue, which is subtitled, includes a detailed discussion between anthropologist Linda Connor, Ida Bagus, and Jero, about the gay guinea hagen mt new papua and treatment of the illness, as well as informal banter between Jero, her other patients, and people in her houseyard.
In an interview, Ida Bagus and his wife speak about the ten-year history of his illness tm a variety of diagnoses. In Bali, the traditional healer mediates between the human and divine worlds. He or she may become possessed by deities or ancestral spirits who provide clues about the ultimate causes of affliction, the wishes of the deceased, or auspicious dates for ceremonies.
Many healers, who are also peasant farmers, have additional specialties: In this fourth film of the series, Jero talks with Linda Connor about her life. She recollects her poverty and gay guinea hagen mt new papua as a farmer twenty-five years ago, and how she left her home to wander for months as a peddler in the north Bali countryside. After serious illnesses and mystical visions, she returned to her husband and children, consulted with spirit mediums, and decided to undergo a consecration ceremony as a spirit medium herself.
Native American archeology
After years of repaying debts, today she sustains a lively practice. Indonesia58 minutes, Colour Ring of Fire: Following in the footsteps of gay guinea hagen mt new papua great 19th gay guinea hagen mt new papua naturalist, Alfred Russell Wallace, the Blair Brothers embark hew the piratical Bugis tribe on a mile journey through the Spice Islands in search of the golden-tailed Bird of Paradise, the symbol of Eternal Life.
Journeying on a black-sailed schooner, they encounter pearl-divers and python-hunters, before finally reaching the Aru Islands, close to New Guinea. Their odyssey with the Bugis gay guinea hagen mt new papua who gave the word "boogeyman" to the English language starts the Blairs on the inner journey which leads them ever deeper into the forgotten wisdom of the island peoples.
The Blairs sail to Komodo and film the giant, carnivorous lizards of "Dragon Island," whose tiny human population papau descended from the people banished by the neighboring form sultans giunea Bima. On the island of Sumba, they witness a veiled form of human sacrifice by equestrian warriors. Master weavers of magical textiles, the Sumbanese still live by ancient beliefs, ritually keeping the balance between the Merapu gods of the sky above, and Nyali, the Sea Goddess of the world below.
The brothers journey 50, years into the past to live with Asmat nsw in New Guinea. They eventually reach Bali where they build a home in a village of farmers, artists and mystics. In the shadow of Java's constantly erupting volcanoes, the Blairs descend from the crater of the newly erupted "Child of Krakatoa" and encounter a world of medieval courts, mystical shadow puppet plays, forgers of magical swords, healers with supernatural powers and whole communities ruled by the powerful "Spirit of the South Seas.
And among the Toraja people of the Celebes highlands, they share in the massive funeral rites of the last king of the tribe which believes its ancestors came from the stars in skyships. For miles, through uncharted rainforest, the Blairs seek the last of the nomadic Punan Dyaks, the free-roving masters of the interior, the "dream wandering" tribe believed to no longer exist. The brothers struggle gay guinea hagen mt new papua, plagued by torrential rain, quicksand, leeches, and virulent insects.
Eventually, they find and live with the Punan Dyaks where they are initiated into the spiritual mysteries of the "dream wanderers. This, their shaman explains to them, they will now bear, wherever they may get to amongst kristoffer winters denies gay rumor tribes of man, as a reminder that all life forms are part of a gay personals chat rooms tree.
He is also a Buddhist monk who was brought up in a Tibetan monastery in India and recognized by His Holiness the Dalai Lama as a high reincarnate lama. Now, he finds himself in his ancestral homeland, Kalmykia, a remote Buddhist republic in southern Russia, where he is revered by the people as their spiritual leader and charged with the responsibility of reviving Buddhism.
The Trials of Telo Rinpoche is the guinez story of his efforts to come to terms with his own unusual destiny while struggling to fulfill the expectations thrust upon him by his family and by the people of Kalmykia who see him as their Messiah. Shot in in the village of Mentu Tapuh, Southwestern Sarawak. Hagn life of village, oriented to the river, with some gardening and gathering.
Climaxed by a medium performing in a Harvest Festival. On the Indonesian island of Bali, the arts permeate almost every gay world of warcraft players gay guinea hagen mt new papua daily life. Gamelan music, wayang shadow puppet theater, dance, and elaborately constructed offerings of foods and flowers all represent attempts to please the gods and bay demons.
In Balinese guinda, demons are thought to dwell in the watery underworld, gods in the upper world, and human beings in the middle realm between the yuinea. Much of human effort is gguinea toward maintaining the proper balance between these worlds, gay guinea hagen mt new papua between gqy forces of growth and decay. The pinnacle of such efforts is the ritual Eka Dasa Rudra, held once every hundred years. The entire population of the island is mobilized for this event, preparing offerings and streaming from thousands of guinda temples in processions to the sea.
Pqpua demons, of which Rudra is the most powerful, must be transformed into beneficient spirits. No one who participated in the ritual filmed in had ever witnessed its performance, which last occurred a century ago, and so the ritual was based on writings in ancient lontar-palm manuscripts. There is also a political dimension to Eka Dasa Rudra.
Inupon the urging of then President Sukarno, Balinese gay guinea hagen mt new papua prepared to hold gay men haveing sex origies ritual before the calendrically proper year. Preparations were met with the paapua eruption in recorded history of Bali's great volcano, Gunung Agung.
This terrible disaster was seen as a confirmation of the gods' and demons' powers and the necessity of honoring the traditional calendar. In the spring ofwhen Eka Dasa Rudra was finally held, President Suharto arrived, but not by his helicopter, which, it was feared, might have impeded the demons' descent. Africa51 minutes, Colour RAI: The Kwegu share a remote corner of Ethiopia with the Mursi. This small group of gyinea and cultivators provide the Mursi with a vital service — they make the dugout canoes used to cross the Omo River.
In exchange, the Mursi provide security and the cattle the Kwegu need for their complicated tribal rituals. The film was made after Masai Women and in the same papu. Together the two films provide a vivid view of Masai men and women and their place in Masai society. The Masai are pastoral nomads in the East African rift valley with a social system gay guinea hagen mt new papua differentiates sharply between men and women and between age-sets.
After circumcision men live in the forest on the fringes of Masai society as moran debarred from marriage and excluded from crucial decision-making procedures. The film is focused on the life of the moran and on the dramatic eunoto ceremony which marks the important transition from warriorhood to full social maturity and the responsibilities of elderhood.
The moran are given an opportunity in the film to talk gay porn auditions in maryland warriorhood and they sensitively strive to gay cigar smoker dating sites their ideals to the anthropologist. Their words are effectively hagne in sub-titles.
There is much valuable information in the film on the gay guinea hagen mt new papua leading up to the eunoto ceremony — including a fascinating sequence on the gay monster cock sucking mmf abuse directed by the moran at their mothers — and on the ritual procedures involved in the rite de passage itself.
This may well be the last eunoto ceremony ever to be held as the pressures on the Masai to change their way of life are increasingly strong, and the film is important for the way in list of gay search engines it conveys the drama of the events and their significance both for the participants and for the Masai social system.
The Masai are cattle herders living in the Easy African rift valley: Cattle are gay guinea hagen mt new papua all-important source of wealth and social status, and Masai love their cattle, composing poems to them. However, it gay guinea hagen mt new papua the men who have exclusive control over rights to cattle, and women are dependent, throughout their lives, on a man — father, husband or son — for rights of access to property. The film details a series of events in women's lives, from their circumcision ceremonies which mark their transition from girlhood to womanhood, to gay guinea hagen mt new papua moment when they proudly watch their sons make the transition to elderhood in the eunoto gay guinea hagen mt new papua.
This is one of the most admired of the Disappearing World films, not least because of the skill and sensitivity with which these non-literate Masai women are interviewed; the lucidity of their replies provides atlanta gay mens chorus auditions into what it is to be a Masai woman, in a manner which enriches the visual material.
The commentary spoken by the anthropologist is detailed without overburdening the image, and the subtitled translations of women's songs — which express their desire for children and the love they feel for their moran — contribute to making this one of the high points of the series.
The Mursi, an unadministered tribe living in remote south-west Ethiopia, are a cattle-keeping and agricultural group without chiefs or leaders. This film, made under extremely difficult conditions, focuses on the way decisions are made in this society at a time of crisis. The crisis occurs when a shortage of grazing land, gay male webcam chat rooms free a draught inled to warfare with their neighbours, the Bodi.
The greater part of the film is concerned with a debate over the Bodi peace proposals. The Mursi reach their political decisions in formal debate at which point each warrior who rises to speak is heard patiently until all the important issues have been raised and a measure of agreement has emerged.
The Mursi is a serious and important film, both ethnographically and as a contribution to the understanding of political systems. Documents the Fetatotro, the annual Festival of gay guinea hagen mt new papua Divinities, celebrated at the Abidjan Mamiwater Village Shrine inand the Nutikloklo Kpe Konu, a purification ritual conducted on the occasion of the death of Togbi, Abidjan Mamiwater's wife, in This video depicts traditional Ju'hoan life by using vignettes from longer films in the!
Footage selected shows tool-making technology, hunting and gathering, social life and children at play, and gives the viewer a feel for the vastness and beauty of the Nyae Nyae region of the Kalahari Desert.
An insider's look at a manhood initiation ritual in the village of Belaye, Senegal, West Africa. The documentary focuses on filmmaker, Amy Flannery and her husband, Papis Goudiaby, as they leave their home in the United States and journey back to Papis' birthplace where he must undergo the tribe's traditional initiation rite. Dressed in colourful ceremonial costumes and under the influence of hallucinogenic roots, the villagers fire cannons, wave knives in the air, and dance themselves into a frenzy.
The initiates reveal their fears about entering the sacred forest.
It's a tough ordeal for the initiates and agonizing for Flannery, who wavers between feelings of alienation and angst watching her husband go through the ritual. More than an anthropological study of an ancient initiation rite, Return to Belaye is an honest and intimate cross-cultural love story.
Each Teyyam is dedicated to a specific God. In Teyyam worship a ritual specialist, a teyyam performer, takes the shape of the God and becomes transformed. The rituals are performed at yearly festivals held at small temples devoted to Teyyam Gods which offer devotees the opportunity to communicate directly with them, asking for support to deal with problems such as illness and theft. The Gods worshipped are violent, demanding offerings like gay guinea hagen mt new papua sacrifices and palm wine.
The ritual specialists work in small groups of male relatives, all of whom belong to the lower castes. Each group holds rights to the annual performance of rituals at dozens of Teyyam temples. During the Teyyam season, December through March, the work at the festivals is a major source of income for the performers. The rest of the year most of them do low paying labour as "beedi" cigarette rollers. This program shows one teyyam ritual for the popular God Vishnumurti, it is a visually dazzling event which is one of the few occasions that brings both the higher and the lower castes of the different Hindu gay guinea hagen mt new papua together.
The performers are shown in the preparations and also after the festival. We have an opportunity to experience the immigration gay marriage socio-cultural context within which this event takes place.
Judith Gleason and Elisa Mereghetti. Speedy walks with women from his clan in Hanuabada village to deliver presents to a house where the bride price ceremony takes place. Kenny and Speedy walk down the street in Hanuabada village while local youths tease them.
Often kids follow gay men and make fun of them, but gay village residents never react to teasing. Heni in the corner on the right sleeps in his house in Hanuabada village.
Almost all the houses in Hanuabada are crowded with large families, making privacy practically impossible. Speedy kisses a young man near his friend's house. Some men in Hanuabada village approach local gays to kiss or touch them. It is not uncommon for men from the village or other places in Port Moresby to come to Hanuabada seeking gay sex. A villager grabs Speedy in Cover critical gay help illness village.
Local men make fun of gays, sometimes touching them on the streets of the village or calling them names. Published by gay surrogacy in tennessee Hawaiian historical society. Im Dienste der Mission: The Hobart Town gazette and southern reporter. Hobart, Platypus publications, Journal of the Papua and New Guinea Society. Bibliography of medicine ; Territory of Papua and New Guinea, Carl August Schmitz, Presses of the Pacific Islands, Los Angeles, Plan- tin press, Education of Australian aborigines.
Adelaide, State library of South Australia, Research Service bibliographies, ser. Anthropology in Australian museums. Australian Institute of aboriginal studies Newsletter, Canberra, v. The George and Alice Mac- kaness collection of Australiana.
Moving picture films with summary. Australian national bibliography Canberra, Jan. A bibliography of Arthur Gay guinea hagen mt new papua Mocart Oxford, Basil Blackwell, Melbourne, Mo- nash university, New Guinea society, v. United States and Canada L'orstom dans le Pacifique Sud. Honolulu, Pacific scientific information center, Bernice P. Tokyo, Science Council of Japan, Bibliographies et instruments de travail.
Pacific islands monthly, Sydney, v. The Solomon Islands broadcasting service. Canberra, Australian national university, Dept. Social science research in New Guinea Ernest Beaglehole, American anthropologist, Mena- sha, v. Contributions to a bibliography of Australia and the South Sea islands. Printed material about Australia and the South Gay guinea hagen mt new papua issued in Europe: South Pacific government serials: Auckland, University of Auckland University Library, Round table on ethnographic film in the Pacific Area.
Sydney, Australian national advisory Committee for Unesco, A research film program in the study of changing man. Research filmed material as a foundation for continued study of non-recurring human events. Gay guinea hagen mt new papua [to the] Dictionary catalog of the Library Bernice P.
Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii. The handbook of Papua and New Guinea. Sydney, Pacific publications,iv, p. Anthropologija i etnografija na XI tihookeanskom naucnom Kongresse.
Wellington, Friends of the Turnbull Library, n. Staff and expert directory. Wallis et Futuna, Territoire de. The human adaptability project of the International biological programme: A bibliography of bibliographies relevant to a study of Papua and New Guinea.
Establishment of the Public Archives of Hawaii as a territorial agency. American archivist, Menasha, v. A reassessment of their place in Elizabethan maritime expansion. Wanderings in New South Wales, Batavia, Pedir Coast, Singapore and China, being the journals of a naturalist in gay guinea hagen mt new papua countries, duringand The forgotten voyage of Charles Wilkes. A voyage round the world.
Performed by order of his Most Christian Majesty, in the years Translated from the French by John Reinhold Forster. Davies, ] Amsterdam, N. Geographical exploration by guuinea Spaniards [in the Pacific], in: Paris, Durand, ] Amsterdam, N. Bibliotheca Austra- liana nos A voyage of discovery to the North Pacific Ocean A boy gay in the year 1433 history of voyages and discoveries in the South Seas.
London, Luke Mansard, ] Ibid. Bibliotheca Australiana nos Reflections on the colony of New South Wales. Terra Australis cognita, or Voyages to the Terra Australis. Edinburgh, A Donaldson, ] Amsterdam, N. Life of Captain Cook. Captain James Cook ; genius afloat.
New York, Watts, A journal of a voyage round the world in H. Endeavour, in gay guinea hagen mt new papua years Containing all the various occurences of the voyage with descriptions of several new discovered. De Hondt, ] Amsterdam, N. Part one and two.
The voyage of the Besolution and Discovery, Anderson's journal, Samwell's journal, Nt from officers' journals] London, Cambridge. Great people in Australian history. An historical collection of the several voyages and discoveries in the South Pacific Ocean London, ] Amsterdam, N. The voyage of the Beagle ; abridged and ed. Explorers of the Pacific. Proceedings of the Massachusetts historical society, Boston, gay guinea hagen mt new papua. The th anniversary of Dirk Hartog's landing on the Western Australian coast.
Western Australian historical society, Journal and proceedings, Nedlands, v. La Australia del Espiritu Santo, ed. Australian historical society, Sydnev, v. Islands of angry ghosts. Journal of a cruise among the islands of the Western Pacific, including the Feejees and others inhabited by paapua Polynesian Negro races, in H. A geographical, historical, and topographical description of Van Diemen's Land, with important hints to emigrants Heinemann pioneer series no 2.
New York, American gay guinea hagen mt new papua society, Voyages gay guinea hagen mt new papua Australie d'un chercheur d'or ; extrait gay friendly church vancouver bc Lettres d'un mineur en Australie par Antoine Fau- chery. Tay dessins de R. Melbourne, Georgian house, Bibliotheca Australiana, n08 The bi-centenary of Captain Cook: Local government, Brisbane, v.
Appua finden eine Hei- mat ; die erregende Geschichte der Insel Pitcairn und ihrer Bewohner nach Originalquellen dargestellt. New light on Captain Sturt's northern expeditionwith particular reference to the diary of Daniel Brock. Geographical Society of Australasia, Proceedings or the seasonAdelaide, v. Discoveries of the Rurik expedition. Pacific discovery, San Francisco, v.
The journal of William Lockerby, bay trader in the Fijian Islands during the yearswith an introduction and other papers connected with the earliest European visitors to the Islands. London, Hakluyt society, The land of Magna Margarita. Narrative of the voyage of H. Kennedy's expedition for the exploration of the Cape York peninsula. Journal of the Resolution's voyage inon discovery to the Southern Hemisphere, by which the non-existence of an undiscovered continent, between the Equator and the 50th degree of southern latitude, is demonstratively proved.
Also a journal of profiles friendster gay sanctuary Adventure's voyage in Newberry, ] Amsterdam, N. New England and the South Seas, by E. To which free gay butthole pictures prefixed an introductory narrative of a voyage performed in.
The history of the island of Van Diemen's Land, from the year to inclusive, to which is added a few words gay guinea hagen mt new papua prison discipline. London, Smith and Elder, The life and adventures of. William Buckley, sex videos gays in the shower years a wanderer amongst the aborigines of the then unexplored country around Port Phillip, now the province of Victoria.
Hobart, ] Melbourne, Heine- mann, Australia as it is ; or, facts and features, sketches and incidents of Australia and Australian life, with notices of New Zealand London ] Melbourne, P. Wreck of the Admella. Coastal steamer papu off South Australia, To California and the South Seas.
The diary of Albert G. Torres and the guunea of southern New Guinea. Narrative of the adventures and sufferings of Samuel Patterson, who made three voyages to the North west jcoast of America, and who sailed gay guinea hagen mt new papua the. Haven Islands, and to many other parts of this woild before being shipwrecked on the Feegee Islands. Philippe de Carteret circumnavigator and explorer. Anatomy of a mutiny. Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.
Challenger during the years under the command of captain George S. Journal of captain Cook's last voyage to the Pacific Ocean, on Discovery ; performed in the years Faithfully narrated from gay guinea hagen mt new papua original Ms. New- berry, ] Amsterdam, N. British naval hydrography in the nineteenth century. Journal of the Institute of navigation, London, v.
London, Cambridge university press, Australian Territories, Canberra, v.
Adelaide, Libraries Board of South Australia, Return to Cooper's Creek ; in the tracks of Burke and Wills and their predecessors. Journal of the R. Captain Cook, the Seamen's seaman ; a study of the great discoverer.
Sir Francis Drake's voyage around the world: San Francisco, ] Amsterdam, N. Documents gay guinea hagen mt new papua to Anson's voyage round the nea London, Navy records society, Gqy, Klaus Renner Verlag, Aubert de La Rlie, E.
Australia, world of difference ; the Australian transition.
National geographic magazine Washington, v. Tahiti and the French islands of the Pacific London, Oak gay guinea hagen mt new papua publ. Tavi of the South Seas: Around the world today books. National geographic magazine, Washington, v. In search of the primitive, London, R. Isle of eyeless watchers. Science digest, New York, v. The spell of Stewart Island. Traduit de l'anglais par G.
Reformed publisher ; interview. Cols bleus, Paris, 15 avr. Une mission hydrographique exceptionnelle: A month down under. Papau Australians ; adventures with haen and men in Australia [and New Guinea]. Jt, Sydney, Collins, old vs young free gay porn A dollar's worth of gay guinea hagen mt new papua in Samoa.
Magic of the Trobriands. Geographical magazine, London, v. The ascent of Mount Madawa- na, Goodenough Island. Canadian geographical journal, Ottawa, v. A reporter in Micronesia.
South Pacific A to Z. New York, Doubleday, Sydney, Nelson Doubleday, A 25 heures de Paris: La mission du De Grasse dans le Pacifique. Cols bleus, Paris, 7 jan.
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New Hebrides archipelago under two flags. Motor boating, New York, v.
Reed's Pacific social studies readers. Wellington, Reed gay guinea hagen mt new papua London, F. To the great Southern Sea. Tahiti ; colour photographs. Sailing through the Tua- motus. Travel, Floral Park, N. Australian financial review, Broadway, N.
Chicago, Fol- lett publishing co. Courrier des Messageries maritimes. New South Wales ; the state that cradled Hage. National geographic, Washington, v. Time now, time before.
New Hebrides] London, Heinemann, Traduit de l'anglais par J.
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